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Documents on the Origins of the War of 1914—negotiating
with the Foreign Office not from the inside, so to speak,
but from a more arbitral position outside. And we
know that serious tension existed at times in the course
of that publication, for after some volumes had appeared
the editors found it necessary to announce their threat
that they would resign if their decisions were not
followed; though I believe it is true to say that the
tension was due to the difficulties raised by other Powers,
and not to any anxiety that our Foreign Office then had
on its own account. Since it seems to me that the
editors of the 'British Documents knew as much about the
relations between historians and governments as any
Englishman @f their generation, there are three of
' Professor Temperley's utterances on this subject which
have a peculiar significance and which invite us to
serious reflection. First of all, in his Inaugural Lecture
in Cambridge in 1930 he expressed grave misgivings
concerning the harm that might come to history-from
both the patronage of government and the growing
popular interest in the subject. Secondly, in almost the
kst article—if not the very last—that he wrote (an
article published in 1938 in the Cambridge Historical
Journal) he depicted the decline of frankness—the
growing significance of secret diplomacy—in the policy
of English Foreign Secretaries during the hundred years
that ended with Sir Edward Grey, He closed that
article with words which throw a curious light on the
inferences that he was inclined to make upon the whole
of his experience, for he said: " It is indeed evident
that no statesman in our own generation will approach